Drivers Daily Log Program (DDL) - ddlsoftware.com - Trucker's Duty Status Log Software and more. Includes New USA 2005 & Canada 2007 Rules. to see a list of all supported rules go to Rules Supported

                       

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CANADA NOTES:

It has come to my attention recently that the 120Hour/14Day Hours of Service rule, regarding the requirement to take 24 hours off before accumulating 75 hours of On Duty, is usually enforced in most Canadian provinces the same as the way Quebec province enforces the rule - the requirement for the 24 hours off duty must occur between 50 and 70 accumulated hours of On Duty. Therefore the DDL program now sets this regulation configuration item (check box) to default ON. You might want to check with your local DOT inspectors regarding their interpretation of the 120Hour/14Day rule.

My personal feeling is that the benefits of the 120Hour/14Day rule is hurt by this requirement to take 24 hours off duty in the middle of the 14 day stretch. It hinders over the road (OTR) drivers who spend long periods of time away from home. I think they should be allowed to 'run' the two weeks and then spend a couple of days or more at home before they hit the road again.

To activate the Canada driving rules, select Edit/Configuration menu item and then choose the Regulations tab when the dialog appears. At the top select the Canada radio button. This will activate the Canada options at the bottom of the dialog. Activate the rules and options that pertain to your driving situation.

The program implements the rules as defined in the Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service Regulations, 1994. The special Permits driver regulations have not been implemented (yet).

The 60 the Parallel driver rules have been implemented as an optional intra-provincial rule for the Yukon and Northwest Territories.

Special consideration to the following rules have been noted and implemented:

1. Eight consecutive hours of off-duty time required may, once in any period of seven consecutive days, be reduced to not fewer than four consecutive hours if

(a) immediately before commencing the reduced hours of off-duty time, the driver has not accumulated more than 15 hours of on-duty time following at least eight consecutive hours of off-duty time, and (b)) the driver's number of consecutive hours of off-duty time before the beginning of the next period of driving is not less than eight plus the number of hours by which the driver's prescribed hours of off-duty were reduced.

2. A driver using the 120Hr/14Day rule may not, during the period of 14 days, accumulate more than 75 hours of on-duty time without taking a minimum of 24 consecutive hours of off-duty time. See Quebec note below.

3. The `split' sleeper off-duty rule allowed in the United States is the same for Canada

Even though it is not explicit in the regulations, a Canadian driver is allowed to use any Hours of Service rule or combination of rules (If allowed by Motor Carrier), and he is not in violation until all the selected rules is in violation. The program implements this. For a log day, the program tests for Hours of Service violations by starting with the 60Hr/7Day (if activated), then the 70Hr/8Day (if activated), then the 120Hr/14Day (if activated), until no violation is noted. If a violation occurs after all the rules have been tested, the rule that minimizes the Driving after Excess Hours of Service is selected.

The Driver's Information Window also shows the potential Hours of Service available the next day for the selected rules.

The Monthly Summary Report has been modified to accommodate Canadian Hours of Service rules.

Quebec: The requirement for the 24 hours off duty between 50 and 70 accumulated hours for the 120Hrs/14Day rule is implemented as an option. Some other provinces also enforce the 120 Hrs/14Day rule in the same way. Check you local DOT for an interpretation. Alberta province enforces this rule the same way as Quebec.


CANADIAN Proposed Rules - 01 Mar 2003

Canada publishes new hours of work rules

Canadian transportation authorities officially proposed a new federal hours-of-service regulation for Canadian truck and bus drivers, building on an endorsed standard announced last fall by federal and provincial transport ministers.

Last September, a council of federal and provincial transport ministers approved changes to the country’s National Safety Code to give drivers more opportunity to rest and to make the rules simpler to grasp.

According to Canadian press accounts, the industry's largest trade union, the Teamsters, and its largest lobby group, the Canadian Trucking Alliance, support the changes. Government transport officials say they want the new rules to take effect sometime this fall.

The regulation would restrict drivers to 14 hours on duty (13 hours driving) followed by 10 hours off during a 24-hour period. At least eight of these off-duty hours would have to be taken consecutively, with the additional two hours to be taken in increments of no less than a half hour.

Other changes:

  • Eliminate the option to reduce the off-duty time from eight hours to four hours;

  • Increase the minimum rest for co-drivers using a sleeper berth from two hours to four consecutive hours;

  • Allow the averaging of on-duty and off-duty time over a 48-hour period; and

  • Cut the number of available work/rest cycles from three to two: a maximum 70-hour cycle over seven days and a maximum 120-hour cycle over 14 days.

Drivers who want to switch or reset cycles would need to take at least 36 consecutive hours off duty before "resetting the clock to zero" for the 70-hour cycle, and at least 72 consecutive hours off for the 120-hour cycle. At least once every 14 days, all drivers would be required to take at least 24 hours off.

Comments on the proposed regulation are being accepted over the next 30 days.

The complete details of the proposed regulations are published and an alert Canadian truck driver has provided the following link.
http://canadagazette.gc.ca/partI/2003/20030215/html/regle1-e.html

Back to Top

My Opinion on Proposed New Rules:

No rule is going to 'fly' if the result is less productivity for the industry, for both drivers and motor carriers.  The drivers will not be in the mood to 'sit' in some truck stop, rest area, or highway exit ramp for up to 36 hours in order to accommodate mandated 'rest' times, in the mistaken notion by the regulators that this will result in less 'fatigued' and thus 'safer' drivers.  They are just going to create 'pissed off' drivers, which is even more dangerous driving on the highways. Drivers will spend more hours 'out' and getting less money coming in for that time spend 'out'.  Motor carriers are not going to be in the mood to have to buy more trucks and hire more drivers to deliver the same tonnage they are accomplishing now.  Thousands of extra trucks 'idling' around the country side so drivers can 'be rested', as mandated by regulations, does not make any sense economically or practically.  The answer is a better education of the four wheelers on how to share the road with the big rigs.  The big rigs are not 'going away' since the country depends on them for 80% of the movement of essentials from there to here. Putting more of them out on the highways is not the answer.

My truck driving career was rather short lived (3 months before an, on the job, fracture of my left heel put me out of the truck for several months). I returned for a period of 3 months last summer (2000) and drove for a local Owner Operator delivering mostly beer in the PA, OH, and MD area (considered local driving). During that short time, I did develop an opinion on the Hours of Service regulations as applied in the USA. There are several proposals for modifications to the regulations.

Some proposals seem to benefit the driver. The one that I like: allow a trucker to drive/work for 12 to 14 hours per day, and then require him to rest for 9 to 10 hours straight so he can get a decent amount of uninterrupted sleep (8 to 9 hours). A 24 hour cycle will be established which establish a more natural work and rest cycle. The work hours can be any combination of Driving and On Duty Not Driving as long as the total does not exceed the limit of 12 to 14 hours. At lease 2 hours of break time (Off Duty) may be required during this 12 to 14 hour work period. The two hour break time can be accumulated as a series of short breaks. A long haul trucker could then get some decent driving time and still get some decent rest time. Team drivers could continue to use the split sleeper rule as it is now implemented.

There will also be a requirement for a 'weekend' rest period of 32 hours after 60 hrs of work. There is an option for long haul truckers to work a two week cycle - work 72 hours the first week, followed by a break of 32 hours. In the second week, a trucker can only work 48 hours and he would have to take a longer 'weekend' of up to 80 hours, before starting on the next work cycle. This will be complicated, and everybody will need DDL to sort it out - assuming I can make DDL do this! It will not be too hard to check if a driver complied with the rules. What is more interesting, and more difficult, will be 'predicting' what a driver should do forehand, in order to stay out of hours violations.

There is also a pending requirement for a 'black box' recorder much like the ones in airplanes, so accidents can be analyzed based on data recorded before and during the accident.

Back to Top

Customer Support Web Site

iTruck Web Site

What's New

DDL Customer Support Web Site Main Page
New DDL User -- Click here
Need Help Updating your DDL? Click Here.
CSA * 2010 pdf file (Download) Aug 2010 Updated
CSA2010 PSP Drivers Report Card
Canada new  2007 Hours of Service Rules Information

Canada new DDVIR Schedule Information

Sample Reports
DDL On-Line Help System
DOT & FMCSA Information
Commercial DDL
DDL Logs Audit Features
Truck Companies that accept DDL Logs
Installing Ascertia Root Certificate
GPS add on Information
Intra-States Rules (Information)

Other Information

About the Author
Canada Notes
Days Out Information
List of Email Servers that will block DDL email.

Instructions on how to add our email to avoid being blocked by YOUR email provider.

DDL in Hand Held Devices
DDL Data Files and Data Records Specifications
FAQ:
Future DDL Features
Introduction
Links to other Web Sites for Truckers
Looking for a Laptop for DDL
Drivers using DDL Software with GpsGate

Click on Map to see other DDL users locations. (click here to see how to join)

National Traffic and Road Closure Information 
Road Conditions Information
Users Wish List
Truck Load

DDL is a trademark of DDL Software. All other products mentioned are registered trademarks or trademarks of their respective companies.
Questions or problems regarding this web site should be directed to  "Fritz" at  frbjorklund@driversdailylog.com
or "Bruce" at bruce@driversdailylog.com

Use of the Drivers Daily Log Software and this Web site constitutes acceptance of our License Policy, License Requirements, and Privacy Policy.

Copyright © 1998-2013 Drivers Daily Log - Fritz Roland Bjorklund & Bruce A. Luebke.  All rights reserved.
Last modified: Wednesday August 27, 2014.

Other Information

  About the Author
  Canada Notes
  Days Out Information
  DDL in Hand Held Devices
DDL Data Files and Data Records Specifications
FAQ:
Future DDL Features
Introduction
Links
Looking for a Laptop for DDL
  National Traffic and Road Closure Information 
  Six Days on the Road
Users Wish List

Other Trucking Software

  Truck Load Balance

 

CANADA NOTES:

It has come to my attention recently that the 120Hour/14Day Hours of Service rule, regarding the requirement to take 24 hours off before accumulating 75 hours of On Duty, is usually enforced in most Canadian provinces the same as the way Quebec province enforces the rule - the requirement for the 24 hours off duty must occur between 50 and 70 accumulated hours of On Duty. Therefore the DDL program now sets this regulation configuration item (check box) to default ON. You might want to check with your local DOT inspectors regarding their interpretation of the 120Hour/14Day rule.

My personal feeling is that the benefits of the 120Hour/14Day rule is hurt by this requirement to take 24 hours off duty in the middle of the 14 day stretch. It hinders over the road (OTR) drivers who spend long periods of time away from home. I think they should be allowed to 'run' the two weeks and then spend a couple of days or more at home before they hit the road again.

To activate the Canada driving rules, select Edit/Configuration menu item and then choose the Regulations tab when the dialog appears. At the top select the Canada radio button. This will activate the Canada options at the bottom of the dialog. Activate the rules and options that pertain to your driving situation.

The program implements the rules as defined in the Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service Regulations, 1994. The special Permits driver regulations have not been implemented (yet).

The 60 the Parallel driver rules have been implemented as an optional intra-provincial rule for the Yukon and Northwest Territories.

Special consideration to the following rules have been noted and implemented:

1. Eight consecutive hours of off-duty time required may, once in any period of seven consecutive days, be reduced to not fewer than four consecutive hours if

(a) immediately before commencing the reduced hours of off-duty time, the driver has not accumulated more than 15 hours of on-duty time following at least eight consecutive hours of off-duty time, and (b)) the driver's number of consecutive hours of off-duty time before the beginning of the next period of driving is not less than eight plus the number of hours by which the driver's prescribed hours of off-duty were reduced.

2. A driver using the 120Hr/14Day rule may not, during the period of 14 days, accumulate more than 75 hours of on-duty time without taking a minimum of 24 consecutive hours of off-duty time. See Quebec note below.

3. The `split' sleeper off-duty rule allowed in the United States is the same for Canada

Even though it is not explicit in the regulations, a Canadian driver is allowed to use any Hours of Service rule or combination of rules (If allowed by Motor Carrier), and he is not in violation until all the selected rules is in violation. The program implements this. For a log day, the program tests for Hours of Service violations by starting with the 60Hr/7Day (if activated), then the 70Hr/8Day (if activated), then the 120Hr/14Day (if activated), until no violation is noted. If a violation occurs after all the rules have been tested, the rule that minimizes the Driving after Excess Hours of Service is selected.

The Driver's Information Window also shows the potential Hours of Service available the next day for the selected rules.

The Monthly Summary Report has been modified to accommodate Canadian Hours of Service rules.

Quebec: The requirement for the 24 hours off duty between 50 and 70 accumulated hours for the 120Hrs/14Day rule is implemented as an option. Some other provinces also enforce the 120 Hrs/14Day rule in the same way. Check you local DOT for an interpretation. Alberta province enforces this rule the same way as Quebec.


CANADIAN Proposed Rules - 01 Mar 2003

Canada publishes new hours of work rules

Canadian transportation authorities officially proposed a new federal hours-of-service regulation for Canadian truck and bus drivers, building on an endorsed standard announced last fall by federal and provincial transport ministers.

Last September, a council of federal and provincial transport ministers approved changes to the country’s National Safety Code to give drivers more opportunity to rest and to make the rules simpler to grasp.

According to Canadian press accounts, the industry's largest trade union, the Teamsters, and its largest lobby group, the Canadian Trucking Alliance, support the changes. Government transport officials say they want the new rules to take effect sometime this fall.

The regulation would restrict drivers to 14 hours on duty (13 hours driving) followed by 10 hours off during a 24-hour period. At least eight of these off-duty hours would have to be taken consecutively, with the additional two hours to be taken in increments of no less than a half hour.

Other changes:

Drivers who want to switch or reset cycles would need to take at least 36 consecutive hours off duty before "resetting the clock to zero" for the 70-hour cycle, and at least 72 consecutive hours off for the 120-hour cycle. At least once every 14 days, all drivers would be required to take at least 24 hours off.

Comments on the proposed regulation are being accepted over the next 60 days.

The complete details of the proposed regulations are published and an alert Canadian truck driver has provided the following link.
http://canadagazette.gc.ca/partI/2003/20030215/html/regle1-e.html

Back to Top

My Opinion on Proposed New Rules:

No rule is going to 'fly' if the result is less productivity for the industry, for both drivers and motor carriers.  The drivers will not be in the mood to 'sit' in some truck stop, rest area, or highway exit ramp for up to 36 hours in order to accommodate mandated 'rest' times, in the mistaken notion by the regulators that this will result in less 'fatigued' and thus 'safer' drivers.  They are just going to create 'pissed off' drivers, which is even more dangerous driving on the highways. Drivers will spend more hours 'out' and getting less money coming in for that time spend 'out'.  Motor carriers are not going to be in the mood to have to buy more trucks and hire more drivers to deliver the same tonnage they are accomplishing now.  Thousands of extra trucks 'idling' around the country side so drivers can 'be rested', as mandated by regulations, does not make any sense economically or practically.  The answer is a better education of the four wheelers on how to share the road with the big rigs.  The big rigs are not 'going away' since the country depends on them for 80% of the movement of essentials from there to here. Putting more of them out on the highways is not the answer.

My truck driving career was rather short lived (3 months before an, on the job, fracture of my left heel put me out of the truck for several months). I returned for a period of 3 months last summer (2000) and drove for a local Owner Operator delivering mostly beer in the PA, OH, and MD area (considered local driving). During that short time, I did develop an opinion on the Hours of Service regulations as applied in the USA. There are several proposals for modifications to the regulations.

Some proposals seem to benefit the driver. The one that I like: allow a trucker to drive/work for 12 to 14 hours per day, and then require him to rest for 9 to 10 hours straight so he can get a decent amount of uninterrupted sleep (8 to 9 hours). A 24 hour cycle will be established which establish a more natural work and rest cycle. The work hours can be any combination of Driving and On Duty Not Driving as long as the total does not exceed the limit of 12 to 14 hours. At lease 2 hours of break time (Off Duty) may be required during this 12 to 14 hour work period. The two hour break time can be accumulated as a series of short breaks. A long haul trucker could then get some decent driving time and still get some decent rest time. Team drivers could continue to use the split sleeper rule as it is now implemented.

There will also be a requirement for a 'weekend' rest period of 32 hours after 60 hrs of work. There is an option for long haul truckers to work a two week cycle - work 72 hours the first week, followed by a break of 32 hours. In the second week, a trucker can only work 48 hours and he would have to take a longer 'weekend' of up to 80 hours, before starting on the next work cycle. This will be complicated, and everybody will need DDL to sort it out - assuming I can make DDL do this! It will not be too hard to check if a driver complied with the rules. What is more interesting, and more difficult, will be 'predicting' what a driver should do forehand, in order to stay out of hours violations.

There is also a pending requirement for a 'black box' recorder much like the ones in airplanes, so accidents can be analyzed based on data recorded before and during the accident.

Back to Top

Customer Support Web Site

What's New

DDL Customer Support Web Site Main Page
DDL Message Board
Canada 2007 Hours of Service Rules
Sample Reports
DDL On-Line Help System
Canada Rules Changes
Commercial DDL
DDL Logs Audit Features
Truck Companies that accept DDL Logs
DOT & FMCSA Information

Other Information

About the Author
Canada Notes
Days Out Information
DDL in Hand Held Devices
DDL Data Files and Data Records Specifications
FAQ:
Future DDL Features
Introduction
Links
Looking for a Laptop for DDL
National Traffic and Road Closure Information 
Six Days on the Road
Users Wish List
Truck Load

 

Customer Support Web Site

iTruck Web Site

What's New

DDL Customer Support Web Site Main Page
New DDL User -- Click here
Need Help Updating your DDL? Click Here.
CSA * 2010 pdf file (Download) Aug 2010 Updated
CSA2010 PSP Drivers Report Card
Canada new  2007 Hours of Service Rules Information

Canada new DDVIR Schedule Information

Sample Reports
DDL On-Line Help System
DOT & FMCSA Information
Commercial DDL
DDL Logs Audit Features
Truck Companies that accept DDL Logs
Installing Ascertia Root Certificate
GPS add on Information
Intra-States Rules (Information)

Other Information

About the Author
Canada Notes
Days Out Information
List of Email Servers that will block DDL email.

Instructions on how to add our email to avoid being blocked by YOUR email provider.

DDL in Hand Held Devices
DDL Data Files and Data Records Specifications
FAQ:
Future DDL Features
Introduction
Links to other Web Sites for Truckers
Looking for a Laptop for DDL
Drivers using DDL Software with GpsGate

Click on Map to see other DDL users locations. (click here to see how to join)

National Traffic and Road Closure Information 
Road Conditions Information
Users Wish List
Truck Load

DDL is a trademark of DDL Software. All other products mentioned are registered trademarks or trademarks of their respective companies.
Questions or problems regarding this web site should be directed to  "Fritz" at  frbjorklund@driversdailylog.com
or "Bruce" at bruce@driversdailylog.com

Use of the Drivers Daily Log Software and this Web site constitutes acceptance of our License Policy, License Requirements, and Privacy Policy.

Copyright © 1998-2013 Drivers Daily Log - Fritz Roland Bjorklund & Bruce A. Luebke.  All rights reserved.
Last modified: Wednesday August 27, 2014.